9 May

Revolting Pupils

Rachel Martin-Austin

It has been said to look like a giant 50 foot beach ball from far away. And when its rolling towards you, it almost looks as though it is rolling away until the very last 10 seconds before it rolls over you. A rolling ball of that size ought to kill a person and I have no personal experience with how this all works and everything, but it’s been described as a “capture.” So you’re still alive, well to some extent…. The ball is believed to have a semi-transparent jelly membrane covering its outer layer. This sticky substance is also believed to be a living organism, functioning like a placenta. Once you are captured, you are immediately submerged into the membrane, forced to breath its oxygen and absorb its nutrients for the means of survival. Then what? Well, that’s pretty much it I guess. You spend the rest of your life rolling around living inside this membrane as the ball continues to capture more humans, growing in size.

Because the jelly membrane is so thick, you’re never really touching anyone else so it can get a little lonely. Most people drive themselves to insanity after a few weeks of being submerged. The point is to not let the seclusion drive you insane and to remain as psychologically stable as possible. This will allow you to accurately analyze the make up of this membrane, to pay close attention of its shifting movements. Perhaps if you want to escape, there is a way of intuitively finding out how. A small percentage of humans were actually able to escape. What’s even more peculiar about the escape is that it cannot be described in the form of communicative language. Those who have tried to explain find it too traumatizing.

Some sort of visual evidence or physical sampling of this phenomenon would be nice. How do we even know it’s real or if it’s just another means of scaring people through myth. If I were ever captured, I would definitely try to make my way to the core of this ball to see what kind of life form is feeding it. Perhaps that would draw some answers to how this ‘thing’ evolved. Whether its really an organic creature, or some type of government controlled device. I presume one day we’ll find out, but as of now I don’t doubt its existence and by all means am prepared to meditate my way into an escape.

9 May

Singularity and Exponential Growth
Artificial Intelligence Vs. The Potential of Human Biological Evolution Part 1
Rachel Martin-Austin

Singularity (in technological terms) basically means the advancement of superhuman or greater than human intelligence resulting in a post-human era of explosive super-intelligence. This super-human intelligence is predicted to grow at at faster exponential rate than the evolution of human intelligence. Singularity gives rise to theories involving artificial Intelligence (AI) reaching a phase capable to advance out into the the rest of the universe and utilize it for advancement. The use of Artificial intelligence is a most common theory at this point. AI requires humans to create machines or robots that function on a more intelligent level than the human brain. Human biological advancement or brain computer interfaces are also being looked into as forefronts to the Singularity movement.

If humans are able to invent an AI or type of superhuman intelligence, then it would be capable of designing more intelligent machines, which in return would invent even more intelligent and powerful machines, and so forth. Verner Vinge and Ray Kurzweil called this process ‘Accelerating Change,’ Much of this theory stems from Moore’s Law as well which describes, “… a long-term trend in the history of computing hardware: the number of transistors that can be placed inexpensively on an integrated circuit doubles approximately every two hours.” [1] This explanation gave rise to the realization that our technology will soon advance to a level where it can then surpass the intelligence of a human. Because the rate of this reality is growing at such a fast exponential rate, scientists predict Singularity is likely to happen sometime within the 21st century.

Verner Vinge seems to have a more ‘matter of fact’ or pessimistic opinion on the outcome of creating artificial intelligence. He is more concerned about how we carry this out in a responsible manner and perhaps there is hope in future biological science advancement for natural human intellect. He refer’s to the result of higher intelligence as being “awake.” The “awake” part specifies the instance where AI will grow to a point where anything lesser is no longer needed for intelligent advancement (such as humans.) He believes there are other paths to superhumanity in which he calls Intelligent Amplification (IA) which deal with “our ability to access information and communicate it to others….” [2] If this improves, then in a sense we are achieving an increase over natural intelligence. Vinge goes on to assure research applications in IA will coincide with IA and visa versa.

Ray Kurzweil is more optimistic about the use of AI as well as the use of nano-technology, medical technology, and others. He believes Singularity will allow us to transcend the limitations of our biological bodies and brains, and there will be no distinction between human and machine. Kurzweil explains how the evolutionary process of our exponential growth, based on the past, is easily predictable now to a point where we can pin point when Singularity will occur. He predicts, sometime in the year 2045 , computer based intelligence will exceed human intelligence. [3][4]

Both Kurzweil and Vinge (as well as many other scientists) agree how this change into AI has the potential to happen instantly, even without the knowledge of the researches and creators. Once AI technology can exist, there is nothing that can stop it even if everyone were to understand the threats involved. Singularity, if carried out through AI, seems to be a coming of a new species that human themselves will create, possibly carrying out our own fate in extinction.

Biological evolution on earth has proven to be growing upward successfully, far before technology. From sub atomic particles to the most basic forms of bacteria to the complicated structures of life that exist today. Life has proven to organically develop its own incline towards more intelligent organisms. Kurzweil explains that our human technological growth has not been linear but rather exponential. As we overcome problems, we adopt new ideas and accelerate exponentially forward. He explains how Evolution of earth took billions of years. The next stage, biological plants, evolved in ten million years (200 times faster.) Then higher cognitive functions started to evolve into homo-sapiens which took hundreds of thousands of years followed by the technological evolution which took tens of thousands of years. He then explains in more detail how technology has exponentially been growing at a faster and faster rate up to today. [5]

Sometimes we forget these technological advances are coming directly from its creators, the human. The human brain has grown in size and intelligence in accordance with the biological exponential growth of evolution. At this point, we can asses what humans are biologically capable of in the future. A new Biotechnology revolution exists among us that we can use to solve the problems we face. We are in the stage of learning how to biologically manipulate ourselves. We’ve been able to inhibit genes with RNA interference through gene therapy that overcome problem of placing genetic material on the right chromosome. Through this gene therapy technology we are able to direct and design the DNA makeup for new life. We’ve started to invent ways to lengthen our lives considerably through the invention of nanotechnology. Eventually we will have nanobots to interact with the neurons in our brains which can create sensational virtual experiences. These nanobots will also be able to function on surgical, bacterial and biochip levels. Nanotechnology will soon allow robots to be injected into a patients body to perform work on a cellular level.

Our human exponential growth also deals with how we’ve used technology to communicate with each other. From wired to wireless to the web we are shrinking the size of our technology at an exponential rate. If our technology is progressively getting smaller and smaller, we can conclude there will be a point where we can create anything from scratch. A world where anything can be reverse engineered, including the brain. Deciding whether it will be necessary to create Artificial Intelligence is almost deciding whether or not we want to hand over our successful exponential growth over to the machines, which will most likely result in the extinction of the human race and its biological exponential growth. This raises a question of whether or not human intelligence is capable of achieving far more than AI or visa versa.

Its important that we begin to carefully analyze how Artificial Intelligence compares to the organic qualities of human intelligence. We also need to decide whether or not we want AI to replicate social qualities of a human beings as well and what that entails. Will these future AI be lacking intelligent abilities such as capacities to reason or question reality itself allowing the impossible to be imagined? Or will this type of thinking be irrelevant to the AI era, being everything will be so precisely calculated, there is no need for exploring the ‘unknown.’

“We humans have the ability to internalize the world and conduct “what if’s” in our heads; we can solve many problems thousands of times faster than natural selection. Now, by creating the means to execute those simulations at much higher speeds, we are entering a regime as radically different from our human past as we humans are from the lower animals.” –Verner Vinge

Is it necessary to develop a sense of personal identity or individuality software for these AI machines and have this software run randomly, adding to the equation of decision-making? Do we expect to engage in philosophical conversation with these AI or are they to simply answer questions, solve problems, and multiply their intelligence? I’m assuming we want them to be equipped with human sensory system capabilities and if this is the case, what types of parameters are we looking to set in terms of how these sensory abilities are executed? Will the AI be setting these specific parameters on their own? How is it practical to consider setting perimeters or ‘rules’ allowing us to control machines which are more intelligent to us?

There still remains no solid evidence humans are capable of building a machine smarter than the human brain, which presents no validity to AI capabilities of becoming more intelligent than humans or the theory of AI producing their own AI far more intelligent than us. Human technological advancement has increased at substantial exponential rate, but has the knowledge of how our brains work increased in parallel? There still remain a majority of mysteries about the brain in which more advanced technology can help us understand, yet the invention of this specific type of technology seems to be increasing at a much slower rate than our exponential technological growth. Scientists such as Kurzweil find themselves pin pointing WHEN AI will possess the intelligence far more advanced than the human brain with little connection to HOW this will be done.

The use of Transhumanism, which coincides with Singularity, proposes the idea that we can in fact achieve creating a higher intelligence machine that coincides with our brain: By connecting machines to our brains, in return, we can control the machine with our brains. Then we’ll be able to machine ‘braining machines’ to do the work that brains usually machine. Eventually we’ll be able to brains machines to the point that the machines brain will be able to produce it’s own machined brains. This will allow brains to be machined into machines so that the brain can continue to brain within a new machine’s brain. The conclusion is that our brains will eventually be indistinguishable from machines and then our brains can be preserved within machines. [6]

The Transhumanist approach raises a question of intention behind the creation of AI. Are we building these machines as a tool for human use or are we trying to merge man and machine into one functioning entity? Or could we possibly be trying to fill a void of possessing the power of god? Sure humans will develop specific reasoning for the advancement of Artificial Intelligence. We’ll find precise ways to justify its validity. But, we must consider the outcome of the AI reasoning. If they are to lack human biological tendencies such as spirituality, consciousness, and emotion, etc, what predictions can we make on the way they justify the world and their existence on earth. Their reasoning will definitely consist of mathematical equations. What if these pristine equations calculate to the result of human extinction? And if they did calculate to such a result, how can we trust those calculations to be accurate given the AI is of a higher intelligent form, yet lacking sympathetic qualities humans have acquired through exponential biological evolution?

“And it’s very likely that IA is a much easier road to the achievement of superhumanity than pure AI. In humans, the hardest development problems have already been solved. Building up from within ourselves ought to be easier than figuring out first what we really are and then building machines that are all of that. And there is at least conjectural precedent for this approach. Cairns-Smith [6] has speculated that biological life may have begun as an adjunct to still more primitive life based on crystalline growth. Lynn Margulis (in [15] and elsewhere) has made strong arguments that mutualism is a great driving force in evolution.” –Verner Vinge [2]

*Part 2 will consist of exploring alternative theories to the production of AI

[1] Wikipedia search: Moore’s Law
[2] Verner Vinge, ‘What is Singularty’ Department of Mathematical Sciences, San Diego State University http://mindstalk.net/vinge/vinge-sing.html
[3] Wikipedia search: Technological Singularity “Basic Concepts” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technological_singularity
[4] Wikipedia search: ‘The Singularity is Near’ (the book) Ray Kurzweil http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Singularity_Is_Near
[5] TED talks, Ray Kurzweil on How Technology Will Transform Us. http://www.ted.com/talks/ray_kurzweil_on_how_technology_will_transform_us.html
[6] Youtube: A Transhumanism Dream, http://youtu.be/voGwkfz0eao

14 Mar

CLONING YOURSELF : DIY

HUMAN ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Rachel Martin-Austin

On this vast planet there exists a variety of time/ space phenomenon which occur simultaneously and without notice. The majority of us have only experienced such instances in the form of what we call Deja Vu. Those who are familiar with time/ space manipulation are far beyond deja vu and have most likely fiddled with what is called timespace glitches. These glitches are similar to those of a computerized games, except we can’t physically see them. Our perception stops at the 3rd dimension while timespace glitches form in the 4th and 5th dimensions. Although, we don’t necessarily need to see these glitches to manipulate them and we know they exist due to the results produced.

A Cloning Glitch is the type of glitch we are going to focus on. There are two critical parts to this process that will be discussed:

● The first one is physically existing in the future and the past simultaneously. This step will ideally create the ‘copied’ version of yourself.

● The second part is moving your entire self from point A to point B.

past(A)•▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬•(B)future

Point (A) will be your past physical body and point (B) will be your future physical body. The glitch will be activated when your body crosses the middle point. These two points don’t have to be precisely met. What’s most important is your past physical body MUST be in a different location than your future physical body to avoid conjoining yourself

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Warning: This type of glitch has been known to produce spontaneous effects. The most common: your clone may end up attached to your body, so only attempt this if you are willing to risk conjoining yourself to another…. you. There are ways to reverse the process if this problem occurs, yet it can be a very sticky and frustrating adventure. Nothing is guaranteed.


WHAT IS NEEDED

- Piece of land (your backyard is acceptable)

- Sturdy shovel

- Rope ladder

- Sheet of cement at least 4 feet in diameter and 1 inch thick

- Oxygen mask

- Particle sucker machine (can be purchased online)

- Flashlight

- 12 volt battery

STEPS

➊ Creating Your Cloning Cave:

Locate a piece of land and dig a hole straight down 20 feet. The hole must be large enough to comfortably climb through. At the bottom of the hole, carve out a cave roughly the size of 2 porta-potty bathroom stalls (more space can be carved according to your body size.) ** Be sure to have the rope ladder assist you as you dig so that you are able to climb to the surface when needed. Before proceeding to step 2, lower all your materials into the cave and seal the opening with your sheet of cement by dragging it over the hole.

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The purpose of creating your cave underground is to make sure there is no type of light present other than the light you are going to provide and manipulate.


➋ Converting Your Cloning Cave Into a Vacuum:

You should now be at the bottom of your hole, standing inside your underground cave. Turn on your particle sucking machine and leave it on for 60 minutes. 10 minutes into the sucking, the oxygen will start to thin, so be sure to wear your oxygen mask. ** Your body will start to feel a slight uncomfortable amount of pressure, so be sure to carry out the remaining steps in a timely fashion.

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The particle sucker will eliminate enough particles in your cave to create a super high vacuum. The vacuum packs all the atoms so close together, they lose their identity as individual particles and act like a single super-atom.

➌ Existing in the Future and Past Simultaneously

Next you are going to position yourself at one end of the cave. This will be point A. Aim your flashlight to the opposite side of the cave at shoulder height and turn it on for 1 second. You will notice the light traveling very slowly (compared to the actual speed of light.) The goal is to walk to the opposite side of the cave, where you’re pointing the flashlight, and arrive there before the light reaches it. This will be point B. You should have roughly 5 seconds to complete this step before the light hits the opposite side of the cave.

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You are now leaving your past body (A) and walking to your future body (B.) Without the next step, the glitch, you will simply just travel to the future and remain as one person. The glitch must be activated just as your walking past the beam of light in the middle of point A and B.

➍ Activating the Glitch

With your 12 volt battery in hand as you’re approaching the middle point between A and B, you should be passing the beam of light. Just as you pass the beam, you will activate the glitch. Do this my simply by pressing the positive and negative charge of your 12 volt battery to your tongue. You will now have 12 volts of electricity flowing throughout your body. This will trigger a time reversal effect that will restore your past physical body as you travel into the future.

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You will actually see another version of yourself protrude out of your body, walking backwards in reverse. Do not be alarmed and stay focused. You may have to repeat steps 3 and 4 a few times before your clone is successfully created. Its all about the timing!


Congratulations!

Assuming you have completed all the steps carefully and correctly, you should now have created your clone. Both of you will know exactly what just happened so there ill be no need for explanation. You are both now ready pack up the materials and exit the cave.

1 Mar

Sci Fi Writing class:

Technology/Phantasmagoric Exercise

I think we’re all comfortable with the fact that life and technology itself can co-exist in a variety of different amplitudes. To be briefly informative, we have macro scale such as computers, cell phones, spaceships, automobile, etc. Proceeding to micro-scale we have more advanced technologies such as high resolution imaging for digital cameras, microchips, electrical wires, etc. Up until the 60′s, inventing operative technology for humans at the microscopic level was believed to have been the smallest technology known to man. Modern technology has now given us capabilities to engineer at the craving scale of 1 billionth of a meter, better known as nanotechnology (the scale of DNA structure.)

What’s astonishing about this caliber of scale is how unaware we are of the many forms of life and technology that co-exist, perhaps everywhere around us. Living day to day with this concept in mind can very well drive someone insane. There is something highly intrusive about the capabilities of nanotechnology and how it can be used to assemble life’s bare chemicals into a considerable structure of existence. This all operating on a scale that cannot be detected by our very human senses.

Under such amplitude, An orange is no longer an orange. That oh so organismically smelling vanilla lotion you slather on your hands every hour has the potential for far more threatening intentions. The dirt under your nails can be chemically rearranged to feed your nervous system with random shocks of emotion due to the nano-particles in the upholstery you scratched while taking your books out of the car. As the familiarity with such technology increases, so does the fear and uneasiness of frightening possibilities.

I’d like to propose a short phantasmagoric thriller that derives from the deviant potential of nanotechnology. The first quarter of the story would take place at the scale of 0.0000000001 meters, immediately thrusting the reader into an unfamiliar ‘world’. Perhaps to be confused with outer-space and only later revealed to take place in a school library where nano particles are being fused with reading materials to influence the students educational intake. The nano-scaled utopian environment would consist of characters such as mutant formed nano particles, ant shaped nano organisms that police the particles, and of course the nanotechnology that govern the land. There would be a communicative language of sounds and telepathic gestures between these characters to enable a conflicting storyline to evolve.

In this story, I would like to interpret a whole new ‘world’ in nanoscale that is manipulated by its technology to control the ‘world’ we live in today by visually and subliminally manipulating what we know to be our normal every day objects. Instead of this just being a concept in our world, I would like to portray how this manipulation would actually look in the nano-world from a nano scale perspective involving the technology.

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